WHAT is special in Morocco?
- 3,000 hours of sun every year, more than 5 kilowatt-hours per square meter per day,
- Wind power with a load factor in some regions of more than 70 percent,
- Government and Royal commitment manifested in the national strategy for sustainable development SNDD, MASEN, IRESEN,… 2030 52% of installed electricity generating capacity shall be renewables,
- Morocco’s NDCs are ambitious, the target is to reduce GHG emissions by 42% by 2030 against BAU (conditional on financing, the unconditional target is 17% reduction),
- National commission for Power-to-X under the aegis of the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Environment,
- Morocco’s proximity to Europe.
With industrial efficiency advances and economies of scale for water electrolysis (due to widespread adoption), combined with cheap solar and wind electricity from the desert (10-20 EUR / MWh), it should be possible to achieve a 1 EUR / kg green hydrogen price by 2030 (Wouters).
Green hydrogen can be used in Morocco for a number of things :
- to produce green ammonia (NH3) for fertilizer and replace costly imports of grey ammonia (this has absolute priority:
- Morocco owns about 75% of the world’s estimated phosphate reserves, it is third producer of phosphate,
- the other major ingredient in fertilizer production, ammonia is all imported,
- Morocco currently imports 0.5 bn EUR of ammonia every year),
- to export green ammonia,
- to stabilize the grid after high shares of variable renewable energy are achieved (2G/generizon),
- to produce green hydrogen for export to Europe, (dedicated H2 pipeline),
- green hydrogen for fuel cell mobility.
- Decentralized electricity production,
- from natural gas (NG), with some H2 mixed into the NG,
- from pure H2.
- Potential for integrated use of 2G combined heat and power plants in renewable-source installations.
- excess electricity from renewable generation will be used
- together with fast start-up electrolysis
- to produces green hydrogen H2
- H2 only pipeline grid,
- for ammonia and production of fertilizer,
- for fuel cells,
- for storage to be released for industry,
- for storage to be released to H2 → power/heat cogeneration plants,
- for grid stabilization, help to balance variation in demand and supply in low-carbon integrated grid.
- Since 2012 2G has developed and operates a CHP on 100% hydrogen,
- Energy grid management,
- Hydrogen CHP completes the storage chain.
- Engines currently available at 2G: agenitor SG 115kW, 170kW, 240kW and 360kW electric power.